A cataract is the clouding of the lens in the eye. Most cataracts develop slowly and donʼt disturb eyesight early on, but over time cataracts will interfere with vision. Cataracts can develop with age, can be caused by a trauma to tissue that makes up the lens, or can result from inherited genetic disorders that increase the risk of cataracts. Some symptoms of cataracts include clouded vision, blurred vision, dimmed vision, difficulty with night vision, light and glare sensitivity, yellowing or fading of colored, and double vision in one eye. The only effective treatment is surgery. Surgery should be considered when the cataracts interfere with the quality of life or affect normal daily activities. If cataract surgery is not done, regular exams and follow ups are recommended to monitor progression.

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