Common Eye Diseases

Iritis

Iritis is the inflammation of the membrane that lines your eyelid and part of your eye. If it is left untreated, it could lead to glaucoma or blindness. The cause of iritis is unknown, but it sometimes can be tracked back to an underlying condition or genetic disorder, eye trauma, and certain medications. Iritis is often characterized with symptoms of discomfort or achiness of the eye, light sensitivity, blurred vision, eye floaters, or a bluish-pink color on the white of the eye. Some treatments that are available are steroid drops, antibiotic drops, and dilating eye drops. If any of these symptoms are present, see your Optometrist for an evaluation.

Sty

A sty is a red, painful lump that usually forms on the outside or the inside of the eyelid. The causes of a sty include: poor hygiene that allows your eyelid to be exposed to bacteria, chronic eyelid inflammation. Symptoms of a sty include eyelid pain, eyelid swelling, tearing, and a lump on your eyelid that is similar to a pimple. Treatment for a sty includes a warm moist compress to the eye for 4-5 minutes, 6-8 times a day, followed by a gentle lid massage. For a sty that doesn't go away on its own, topical drops or oral antibiotics may be prescribed. Surgery may be needed if compresses do not relieve pain and swelling. If redness and swelling extend into the face or cheek,seek medical attention.

Foreign Body

A foreign body is any foreign object (ex dust, sand, metal, eyelash) that gets into the eye, or under the eyelid. Symptoms of a foreign body include pain, redness, swelling, light sensitivity, and watering of the eye.

If you get a foreign object in your eye, you should:

1.) Wash your hands
2.) Try to wash the object out with clean water or saline solution
3.) If you canʼt get the foreign object out, see a healthcare professional immediately. If you experience abnormal vision, or when pain, redness, or the sensation of an object being in your eye continues after the object is removed, you should also see a healthcare professional.